The Story Behind The Lost City Of Pompeii

The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Researchers believe that the town was founded in the seventh or sixth century BC and was captured by the Romans in 80 BC. By the time of its destruction, 160 years later, its population was probably approximately 20,000, with a complex water system, an amphitheatre, gymnasium and a port.

The eruption was cataclysmic for the town. Evidence for the destruction originally came from a surviving letter by Pliny the Younger, who saw the eruption from a distance and described the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder, an admiral of the Roman fleet, who tried to rescue citizens. The site was lost for about 1500 years until its initial rediscovery in 1599 and broader rediscovery almost 150 years later by Spanish engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre in 1748.

The objects that lay beneath the city have been well preserved for centuries because of the lack of air and moisture. These artifacts provide an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city during the Pax Romana. During the excavation, plaster was used to fill in the voids between the ash layers that once held human bodies. This allowed one to see the exact position the person was in when he or she died.

Pompeii has been a tourist destination for over 250 years. Today it has UNESCO World Heritage Site status and is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year.

For decades it was believed the victims of Pompeii suffocated as they were buried by the fall of ash and pumice spewing from the volcano. But now science has painted a different picture of the catastrophe and why it claimed so many lives.


2 thoughts on “The Story Behind The Lost City Of Pompeii

  1. I saw the ruins live & in person when I was 19 years old. Tour guide walked us (I was there with a bunch of other college kids on a study abroad) through, explaining, “and this would have been a bad house, most likely, probably men were here with their mistresees when the lava came”, pointing out one figure half-standing, half-sitting, “that one tried to get up & run for it but there wasn’t time”. Was a humbling experience to realize those are people who were just living their lives, who got preserved under all that lava, soot, Ash, & ruble. They didn’t know it was coming, didn’t ask to be part of history, but there they are, part of the tour nonetheless.

    Liked by 1 person

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